The Effect of Age on Memory Span Essay
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
The Effect of Age on Memory Span Essay
Part C: Experimental Report write-up (85 marks) – Prepare an experimental report based on the Cog Lab “Memory Span” experiment and discuss the experimental results which answer the following research question: Does age detrimentally affect memory span?
Report writing process:
Select any of the journal articles shared in Part B group work to write up the Introduction section of the experimental report. You may use additional journal articles.
Write up the Methods section.
Your instructor will collate the Cog Lab data you submitted by email in Part A, conduct the statistical analysis, prepare and upload the results (1 week after the Part A deadline). Once the statistical analysis has been released, write up the Results and Discussion sections. If you have not done PSY392 Methods of Data Analysis, it is highly recommended that you review the narrated PowerPoint presentation on ANOVA (accessible from Canvas L-group). This will help you to gain a better understanding of the statistical results.
Attach the Appendix (ANOVA results/SPSS output).
Provide a title for your report (Note: Do not start with “An Experimental Report on….”).
Write up the Abstract (this appears at the top of the report).
Remember to copy-and-paste the Peer Review Form (from Part B) to the end of your TMA02 document.
Note: The research hypotheses stated in the Introduction section should be logically formulated based on the literature review conducted and should have nothing to do with the actual statistical results (or the graphs from the SPSS output). It really does not matter how our results turn out. The statistical results of our data may or may not support the experimental hypotheses and that is perfectly fine. There is absolutely no need to be concerned about the actual statistical results when formulating the experimental hypotheses, bearing in mind that if you were to conduct an experimental study, you would always formulate your hypotheses BEFORE collecting and analyzing the data
It is relevant to the research question as it is a metal-analysis of over 104 studies of memory span and aging, the participants that ranged from 16 to 29 for younger adults while the older adults ranged 60.7 to 77.8 years old, and since it is a meta-analysis study from many researched data can provide a better estimation of the relation of memory and old aged , hence this study can be used to support the findings of single study finding where old aged does affect the memory span and thus providing evidences that the research question required.
https://academic.oup.com/psychsocgerontology/article/60/5/P223/585455 (Links to an external site.)
Edited by YAP YI MING on Feb 10 at 7:57pm
This journal article conducted an experiment to study how adult age differences can affect the performances short-term and working memory. There is a total of 4 age groups which range 45 years old to over 90 years old. The finding of the study is that by comparing the 3-span task which is the forward and backward digit span and the size judgment, there is a noticeable difference in the result where the older the person, the poorer the performance. Hence, this journal article provides the empirical evidences where the older you are, the more degradation to the memory performance.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13421-011-0119-7 (Links to an external site.)
Edited by YAP YI MING on Feb 10 at 8:03pm
Age differences in predictions and performance on a cued recall task.pdf
This experiment was conducted on 18 young adults with mean age of 19.4 years and 18 older adults with mean age 68.7. Before the start of the experiment, both groups were asked to predict their memory performance. Both predictions were similar, suggesting that the older adults rated their memory as they were much younger. The results of the experiment shows that both groups did best with the category cued recall and worst for letter cued recall. The older adult group also scored lower than the younger group. It is interesting to see the discrepancy between predicted and actual performance.
Edited by SONG YICK TERNG on Feb 10 at 12:04pm
Age differences in recall and recognition.pdf
This experiment was conducted on 15 college undergraduates with the mean age of 20.7 years, and another group of 15 older adults with mean age of 72.8 years. The experiment required them to perform cued recall and recognition tasks while carrying out a reaction-time task. The results showed that the young adults performed better than the older adults in recall tasks but not recognition tasks. The performance in reaction-time tasks also indicates that recalling tasks takes up more cognitive resources than with recognition tasks, leaving the older adults less resource to recall.
This article discusses about the decrease of the explicit memory or known as declarative memory, in the later life of adults. This article provides clear explanations of the reasons why the decline in memory as humans age. From the experiments conducted, the results have showed that older adults face difficulties in learning new things, too. As such, it further supports the research question that aging does affect one’s memory as he ages. A closer analysis also deduced that these experiments provide a basis of affecting and influencing the performance of the aged group of people. Assumedly, aging does affect one’s memory especially their implicit memory.
Edited by SHUKOR BIN KASSIM on Feb 11 at 12:35pm
Life-span changes in implicit and explicit memory.pdf
The experimental findings suggest that aged people have deficits in recalling contextual information may affect effortful operations. It is then understood that as humans age, they have a tendency of misplacing items. Aged people would have the difficulty in remembering the location of the item was last placed at. For instance, a grandmother would need assistance from the people in locating for her pair of spectacles after her shower. The empirical evidences have also shown about the degradation of memory as humans age.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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The Effect of Age on Memory Span Essay
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