Quantitative Annotated Bibliography Discussion Question
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Quantitative Annotated Bibliography Discussion Question
In this week’s discussion question, you were asked to consider a potential problem (appropriate to your role option) that you would like to investigate through nursing research. For this assignment you will review current research from South’s Online Library and provide a critical evaluation on that research through an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is a brief summary and analysis of the journal article reviewed. For more information on annotated bibliographies please visit Purdue’s OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab
A total of two annotated bibliographies are to be submitted (not to exceed one page each). The articles must come from nursing scholarly literature and may not be older than 5 years since publication. Please note that the articles must be research based and reflect a quantitative methodology (review our reading assignments). Web pages, magazines, textbooks, and other books are not acceptable.
Each annotation must address the following critical elements:
Explanation of the main purpose and scope of the cited work
Brief description of the research conducted
Value and significance of the work (e.g., study’s findings, scope of the research project) as a contribution to the subject under consideration
Possible shortcomings or bias in the work
Conclusions or observations reached by the author
Summary as to why this research lends evidence to support the potential problem identified specific to your role option.
Function of The Kidneys in Regulating Fluids
Learning Objective #1: Explain the function of the kidneys in regulating fluids, electrolyte balance, acid–base balance, blood pressure, RBC production, and Vitamin D synthesis.
What are the main functions of the kidneys?
During urine formation, which two substances should be reabsorbed and not excreted in the urine?
What two major electrolytes do the kidneys help regulate?
What is the role of the kidneys in maintaining serum pH through bicarbonate?
Explain the renin-angiotensin system in regulating blood pressure, including the roles of anti-diuretic hormone and aldosterone in this system.
How do the kidneys contribute to RBC production?
How do the kidneys contribute to Vitamin D synthesis?
Learning Objective #2: Explain the renal system changes and nursing implications for older people.
Learning Objective #3: Initiate education, preparation, and monitoring for patients undergoing diagnostic studies, including labs, 24-hour urine collection, any that use contrast media, and kidney biopsy.
What are the normal ranges for urine specific gravity, creatinine clearance, serum creatinine, serum BUN, and GFR?
What is the significance of abnormal values of urine specific gravity, creatinine clearance, serum creatinine, BUN, and GFR in kidney disorders?
What is the purpose and proper collection steps for a 24-hour urine collection?
What are the pre-, intra-, and post-procedure interventions and rationales for a patient who will receive intravenous contrast media during a diagnostic test?
Brunner and Suddarth Chapter 54
Chronic Kidney Disease, pp 1569-1570
Acute Kidney Injury, pp 1576-1581
ESKD, pp 1581-1589
Renal Replacement Therapies, pp 1589-1602
Chart 54-1, Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease
Figure 54-4, Causes of Acute Kidney Injury
Chart 54-6, Assessing for ESKD
Chart 54-7, Nursing Care for ESKD
Learning Objective #1: Differentiate between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI).
What is the definition and diagnostic criteria of AKI?
What are the categories and causes associated with each category for AKI?
What is the definition of CKD?
What are the risk factors and causes of CKD?
Learning Objective #2: Explain the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, medical management, and nursing management for patients with acute kidney injury.
Identify and describe the phases of AKI and estimated timeline for each.
What are the clinical manifestations (signs/symptoms) for each phase of AKI? How are these s/s for each phase of AKI related to the patho of the condition?
Explain the changes to the following labs in the oliguric phase of AKI: BUN, creatinine, GFR, creatinine clearance, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium, pH.
Explain why the following nursing management is necessary in AKI, what assessments for each should be completed, and what are the expected nursing and collaborative interventions for each?
- Fluids and electrolytes
iii. Metabolic rate
- Pulmonary function
- Infection prevention
- Skin care
Learning Objective #3: Explain the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, medical management, and nursing management for patients with chronic kidney disease.
What are the stages of CKD?
What are the main treatments in early-stage CKD? Why?
Why does ESKD affect all body systems?
Explain the changes to the following labs in the ESKD: BUN, creatinine, GFR, creatinine clearance, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium, pH.
What are the signs/symptoms and nursing/collaborative interventions for the following pathologic changes in ESKD?
Activation of the RAAS system
- Reduced urea excretion and decreased bicarb reabsorption
iii. Inadequate erythropoietin excretion
- Hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and decreased Vit D synthesis
- Hyperkalemia and hypermagnesemia
Learning Objective #4: Compare and contrast the renal replacement therapies, including hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, continuous renal replacement therapies.
What is the purpose of dialysis, regardless of type?
What acts as the semi-permeable membrane in hemodialysis vs. peritoneal dialysis?
What is a continuous renal replacement therapy, and when is it a preferred dialysis treatment?
Differentiate between temporary and permanent dialysis access. When is a temporary access used?
What is the difference between a hemodialysis fistula vs graft?
Differentiate the permanent dialysis access of hemodialysis vs. peritoneal dialysis.
Learning Objective #5: Identify the nursing management of the patient on hemodialysis.
What are the nursing considerations for a temporary dialysis access?
What are the nursing assessments and interventions for a hemodialysis fistula and graft?
What are the side effects of hemodialysis, and why do these occur?
What is the nursing/collaborative assessments and interventions for the following HD complications:
- disequilibrium syndrome
Learning Objective #6: Identify the nursing management of the patient on peritoneal dialysis.
What are the nursing assessments and interventions for a peritoneal dialysis catheter?
Explain the phases of a peritoneal dialysis exchange, including the differences between AIPD, CAPD, and CCPD.
Explain the pre-, intra-, and post-PD (including patient education) nursing assessments/interventions and rationales for each.
Identify the signs/symptoms and management of the following PD complications
- Exit site infections
iii. Catheter leakage
Learning Objective #7: Develop a perioperative plan of nursing care for the patient undergoing kidney transplantation.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Quantitative Annotated Bibliography Discussion Question
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.