Gender Inequality and Social Change among American Families
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Gender Inequality and Social Change among American Families
Gender, Inequality, Social, Change, American, Families
The Article ‘Housework: Who did, does, or will do it and how much does it matter?’ attempts to understand gender inequality and social change in the American family. Many women come home from work to the ‘second shift’, they take care of children, housework, and cooking.
According to the article, by April 2010 there appeared to be more equality with respect to housework. This is attributed to the fact that women started to decrease the time they spent doing these activities, thus is looked as though men were doing more. Another reason for this apparent increase is that houses started to become larger and more complicated to manage by one person alone.
Currently, wives’ and husbands’ time allocation may be more similar, but mothers’ and fathers’ work pattern remain quite different. Children change the composition. Although housework can be left undone childcare cannot. If a researcher was to study inequality they may want to focus on childcare activities and what might motivate men to share in these activities.
The more women participate in the workforce, and achieve high status jobs, the more men may be expected to share in household and childcare duties. This is a step away from the traditional breadwinning identity many men have had.
This disparity in responsibilities is not limited to household chores and childcare. Gerson (2010) states that young men have doubts about striking a balance between earning and caring-with the increased fear of not having the ability to support their family. Although men may be in favor of an egalitarian balance between breadwinning and caretaking, their strategies may be quite different.
Many men are feeling the stress of priority for their jobs while also being involved in their relationship with their spouse and children. Gerson (2010) reports that men tend to stress their economic responsibilities; men of all backgrounds prefer the breadwinning role as a fallback. Some are reported to view breadwinning as a privilege while others see it as an obligation. This results in care giving taking a backseat.
The heavy time investment required to sustain the financial rewards that accrue at work make it hard to balance work with the rest of life for many men. Economic uncertainties have resulted in the work week extending more than 40 hours a week in many professions. These increasing job demands have made it hard to achieve a work-family balance.
Breadwinning men are drawn to marriage and its benefits, unlike self-reliant women who are often skeptical of marriage. Overall, men benefit form marriage, with happy and healthier lives.
Gerson (2010) states that most men feel justified in leaving mothers as the default caretakers because they assume their own market advantages mean their work needs to come first. This is true even with the rise in women’s income.
Interestingly, neotraditional men stress how their earnings substitute for time and other forms of care; believing that being a good spouse and father means putting financial contributions as a priority. Neotraditonal men may find value in women’s work as a source of income, protection from boredom, and an avenue of personal and social esteem (Gerson, 2010).
Men often place women’s jobs in a different category than their own. Viewing a partner’s career as less essential helps men discount the cost women bear by putting work on the back burner. Placing women’s work second allows men to affirm a two earner arrangement without undermining their own roe as breadwinner.
It also serves to hold women responsible for domestic work, even if she holds down a job. Self-reliant women define equality as their right to seek independence while breadwinning men use the language of choice to distinguish between the spouse’s option to work and their own obligation to do so (Gerson, 2010).
Gerson (2010) also reports that some men are wary of the institution of marriage, they are reluctant to assume economic responsibility for another adult and find a vision of personal freedom more appealing. Many men reported postponing marriage until they have financial stability. Others report wanting to ‘experience’ the world and freedom before settling down.
Bianchi, S.M., Sayer, L. C., Milkie, M.A., & Robinson, J. P. (2012). Housework: Who Did, Does or
Will Do It, and How Much Does it Matter? Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social
Study and Interpretation, 91(1), 55-63. http://doi.org/10.1093/sf/sos120
Gerson, Kathleen. 2010. The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender,
Work, and Family. New York: Oxford University Press.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Gender Inequality and Social Change among American Families
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.