Analysis of Critical Infrastructure in San Diego Essay
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Analysis of Critical Infrastructure in San Diego Essay
Prior to beginning work on this assignment please read the article and review the web page. Also, conduct preliminary research in the Ashford University Library by typing “critical infrastructure” into the search field and review the Research Starter on critical infrastructure. You will also need to research at least two additional credible, scholarly, peer-reviewed, and/or professional sources to include in your written report. For additional help, visit Ashford University’s web page.
This week’s assignment focuses on critical infrastructure in a city near you. The reason emergency planners must be aware of critical infrastructure is that whenever a hazard affects critical infrastructure there is a magnified effect on the population. Generally, if one infrastructure is affected there is a cascading effect on other critical infrastructures. In this assignment, you will take the theoretical and demonstrate why it is important to address critical infrastructure in all emergency plans. Each of the cities below have multiple critical infrastructures. You will examine the critical infrastructure and graphically place it on a map and include it in your analysis of the critical infrastructure for your chosen city.
Choose a city with which you are familiar. The city must have an electrical grid that can be accessed through the web page in addition to several other critical infrastructures represented, such as water, sewage, highway, or rail.
You will analyze at least three critical infrastructure sectors (electrical substations, rail lines, and highway transportation) in your chosen city that will allow you to see how these sectors fit together after consulting a critical infrastructure sector map. Then, based on your analysis, you will write a report evaluating the impact of a natural, technological, or terrorist initiated hazardous event in your chosen city.
Include the following elements in your paper:
For your maps,
- Create a map of critical infrastructure from a state view.
- Access the web page. On the map, select the state of your chosen city. Then use the zoom feature to identify the electrical sectors, rail lines, and freeways in your state. Ensure you have the energy infrastructure view activated (Note the “Layers/Legend” button in the upper left of your map). You may identify additional critical infrastructure or facilities on your map, such as hospitals, airports or port facilities, rail yards, etc. Once you get the view you seek, take a screen capture. (For assistance with screen capturing, you may wish to access the web page. Save your screen capture image and insert it into the “Appendix” section of your report.
- Create a map of critical infrastructure from a city view.
- Now go through the same process to develop a city view. Once you see all of the icons, take a screen capture of the layers/legend window. Insert this image onto a new page. Highlight critical facilities such as hospitals, schools, rail yards, port facilities, water treatment plants, etc. You may wish to access the provided Appendix sample for guidance.
- Save the images of the two maps and develop a legend for your map.
For your report, you will show the relationships between the infrastructure sectors in your chosen city. Your goal is to analyze one critical juncture where multiple infrastructures come together in your city, not all possibilities. Be sure to include all of the following elements:
- Identify the locations of intersections between critical infrastructures, single point failures, and the implications of these failures for critical infrastructure in your chosen city using your maps as a guide.
- Place a circle on the map around these critical points.
- Determine the impact when we remove one of these critical junctures.
- For instance, explain how you would reroute traffic. Assess the impact on travel time in such scenario. Or, if you were to have an accident in a rail yard that damaged an electrical substation, discuss the cascading effects of losing the infrastructure on other infrastructures.
- Assess the impact to human life should these single-point failures be unavailable due to a natural disaster or terrorist attack in such a densely populated city.
- What consideration will you have to consider managing special needs populations?
- Analyze the first-, second-, and potentially third-order effect of a hazardous event that incorporates multiple critical infrastructures.
- Insert a picture of your map and of the legend into an “Appendix” section at the end of your report. Label the map with the name of your chosen city, and label the Layers/Legend image with “Legend.”
The Critical Infrastructure Analysis paper
- Must be a minimum of three double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) in addition to the two maps described above, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s
- Must include a separate title page with the following:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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