Assess Yourself CVD and Cancer
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Assess Yourself CVD and Cancer
ASSESS YOURSELF CVD and Cancer: What’s Your Personal Risk?
LIVE IT! ASSESS YOURSELF
An interactive version of this assessment is available online in Mastering Health.
1Evaluating Your CVD Risk
Complete each of the following questions and total your points in each section.
A: Your Family Risk for CVD
B: Your Lifestyle Risk for CVD
C: Your Additional Risks for CVD
- How would you describe your current weight?
- Lower than it should be for my height and weight (0 points)
- About what it should be for my height and weight (0 points)
- Higher than it should be for my height and weight (1 point)
- How would you describe the level of exercise that you get each day?
- Less than I should get each day (1 point)
- About what I should get each day (0 points)
- More than I should get each day (0 points)
- How would you describe your dietary behaviors?
- Eating only the recommended number of calories each day (0 points)
- Eating less than the recommended number of calories each day (0 points)
- Eating more than the recommended number of calories each day (1 point)
- Which of the following best describes your typical dietary behavior?
- I eat from the major food groups, especially trying to get the recommended fruits and vegetables. (0 points)
- I eat too much red meat and consume too much saturated and trans fats from meat, dairy products, and processed foods each day. (1 point)
- Whenever possible, I try to substitute olive oil or canola oil for other forms of dietary fat. (0 points)
- Which of the following (if any) describes you?
- I watch my sodium intake and try to reduce stress in my life. (0 points)
- I have a history of chlamydia infection. (1 point)
- I try to eat 5 to 10 mg of soluble fiber each day and try to substitute a nonanimal source of protein (beans, nuts, soy) in my diet at least once each week. (0 points)
Total points: ________
Scoring Part 1
If you scored between 1 and 5 in any section, consider your risk. The higher the number, the greater your risk will be. If you answered Don’t Know for any question, talk to your parents or other family members as soon as possible to find out whether you have any unknown risks.
2 Evaluating Your Cancer Risk
Read each question, and circle the number corresponding to Yes or No for each. Individual scores for specific questions should not be interpreted as a precise measure of relative risk, but the totals in each section will give a general indication of risk.
Scoring Part 2
Look carefully at each question for which you received a 2. Are there any areas in which you received mostly 2s? Did you receive total points of 11 or higher in A? Did you receive total points of 6 or higher in B through D? If so, you have at least one identifiable risk. The higher the score, the more risks you may have.
YOUR PLAN FORCHANGE
The ASSESS YOURSELF activities evaluated your risk of heart disease and cancer. Depending on your results, you may need to take steps to reduce your risk for these diseases and improve your future health.
TODAY, YOU CAN:
- Get up and move! Take a walk in the evening, use the stairs instead of the elevator, or ride your bike to class. Think of ways to incorporate more physical activity into your daily routine.
- Improve your dietary habits by reading labels and choosing low-sodium foods, low-fat foods, and nutrient-dense fruits and vegetables. Replace meat and processed foods with a serving of fresh fruit or soy-based protein and leafy green vegetables several times per week. Eat more monounsaturated fat and foods with lower cholesterol counts. Watch your total calorie consumption.
- Assess your personal risks for specific cancers, looking at lifestyle as well as your genetic risks. For which cancers might you be most at risk?
WITHIN THE NEXT TWO WEEKS, YOU CAN:
- Buy a bottle of broad-spectrum sunscreen (with SPF 15 or higher). Apply it liberally as part of your daily routine. (Be sure to check the expiration date, particularly on sale items.) Also, stay in the shade when the sun is strongest, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
- Find out your family health history. Talk to your parents, grandparents, and any aunts or uncles to find out whether family members have developed cancer or CVD. Ask whether they know their latest LDL and HDL cholesterol levels. Do you have a family history of diabetes?
- Begin a regular exercise program. Set small goals and try to meet them. (See Chapter 9 for ideas.)
- Practice a new stress management technique. (See Chapter 3 for ideas for managing stress.)
- Make sure you get at least 8 hours of sleep per night.
BY THE END OF THE SEMESTER, YOU CAN:
- Get a full lipid panel for yourself, and have your blood pressure checked. Once you know your levels, you’ll have a better sense of what risk factors to address. If your levels are high, talk to your health care provider about how to reduce them.
- Stop smoking, avoid secondhand smoke, and limit your alcohol intake.
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