Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
ENG 106 Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
Caribbean region is a diverse part of the world that holds several ethnicities, many natural resources, and human resources but its society has been facing danger for several decades from the narcotics trade. This region has been declared the center of the international narcotics trades because of the various and integrated network of the narcotics industry within the countries. Globalization has connected the world in a way that crimes also work in transnational paradigms today, which has helped the center of narcotics to fulfill the increasing global demands of drugs.
At the same time, the war of drugs waged by the United State of America did not produce any fruitful results because of the integrated, strong, and collaborative network of the drug industry, perhaps more integrated than the national governments of the states in the region. The drug trafficking in the region can only be tackled down with the integrated and collaborative efforts of the national governments.
In the Caribbean region, there are found to be certain trends are that became the major cause behind organized crime and illicit drug trafficking in that last few decades. Due to globalization, a lot of fruitful and beneficial trends became popular worldwide.
Similarly, illicit activities also became popular and one of them was the consumption of drugs. Globally, the consumption of drugs increased manifolds in the last few decades, and the Caribbean, being the hub of drug manufacturing and trafficking, played a significant role in the global trafficking of drugs. The institutional structure of the nations in the Caribbean region is not strong enough to control the huge problem of drug trafficking which has been impeding its growth for ages (Bagley 12).
The war on drugs waged by the United States of America did not generate any meaningful success. Consequently, limited victories lead to the situation in which drug abusers and drug lords became bolder to expand their business. They attracted a large amount of younger people who could be their target market.
The cultivation areas for the drugs increased manifolds because of fewer government regulations and at the same time, there has been enhanced proliferation of the drug smuggling routes by which drugs could easily be smuggled around the whole Caribbean region. The organized criminal groups not only dispersed into the large area but also fragmented, which indicates that these groups have been covering large population now and also helped the drug trafficking easier and more convenient for the illicit drug organizers (Seelke).
Governments in the region have been trying to introduce political reforms that can help to control this menace in society. But the reforms were proven to be useless due to the lack of systematic procedures. Meanwhile, their efforts for state-building also have been proved to be unsuccessful because of the lack of will among the stakeholders.
There are not enough crime control policies facilitating its trafficking in the Caribbean region and a lack of domestic drug control policies in the United States of America. These two situations helped the drugs to reach a larger audience more easily.
Although all governments united to make international efforts, it still did not each to any conclusion because of the lack of systematic procedure and follow-up and consequently, regional drug control policies are not echnough to address such huge problems at a larger scale.
There is an extreme lack of support system for the local governments to control the issue at the national level, which is used by drug organizers to conduct and even expand their business without any hesitation. The policies that are in place at the moment, at local and regional or international levels are not being applied in true sense which also encourages the proliferation of the drugs in the region (Bagley 35).
States in the Caribbean Community and Common Market and the United States of America have rather a conflictual relationship with each other. They cooperate when it comes to economic and social integration but results are not as fruitful as the governments of the region expect.
Elites of the United States of America and the states under the Caribbean Community and Common Market realized the significance of the ‘war on drugs’ and collaborated to generate impactful result but they could not reach it due to several reasons.
The government of the United States has been pressuring them to take necessary actions but it results in a conflictual approach regarding the sovereignty of the states in this region which restricts the United States to directly take any actions. The drug cartels have become stronger in the region and have a stronger network than the connection of governments across the borders.
There has been increased coca generation and proliferation in the West Indies and subsequently a larger market in the country that makes West Indies the major hub of cocaine production and trafficking. Cocaine is also being consumed at a larger scale, especially in the form of crack.
The use of drugs in the region can be traced down by measuring the content of the wastewater in the region. In the Caribbean region, a campaign was started and took place for the seven days in which wastewater samples were taken from the four wastewater treatment plants of the Martinique capital.
Samples were taken at a different interval, both at the working and nonworking time. The results showed that the consumption of the drugs in the region is approximately 10 to 30 times more than the amount that the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has set which shows the increased quantity of drug abuse in the region (Damien 973).
The location of the Caribbean region makes it a lucrative area for the proliferation of drug trafficking and organized crimes. It is also so rich in the quantity that it is one of the most flourishing illicit businesses in the area. Several transnational criminal enterprises are working in the region which makes it easier for businesses to flourish in a large area.
Globalization and internationalization in recent decades have also allowed the translational progression of the crime, especially in the areas that are well integrated. Just like globalization has banished the concept of borders to some extent and borders are considered the connecting points for linking different regions of the world.
This version of borders also comes up with the issues which were not present before and one of the issues is the proliferation of the drugs globally without check and balance (Sanders 380). The Britain and Jamaica border allows the drug proliferation and trafficking between two continents. People move to the developed country for better life and employment opportunities and at the same time, they bring illicit activities there to get more money as compared to their home countries.
There are established drug production and trafficking networks across the border of Jamaica and Britain which helps the Caribbean region to connect its network to the global market. A similar pattern can be seen within the American continent between Latin America and the United States of America where better currency helps the drug proliferation networks to gain profits.
There are huge drug consumption and production network across this border which needs the collective efforts by both nations, which has been conducted by the government of both countries several times. It has also increased the attention of both nations on border problems i.e. drug trafficking and the illegal immigration that is also connected with the drug issues.
This article has analyzed all the problems that are associated with this border and the basis behind it. It has been found out that the mutual governmental efforts have been proven to be advantageous in minimizing the border problems across the border (Haughton 290).
The national police and governments in the Caribbean find it difficult to curb the problem due to the magnitude and the strength of the drug network across the region. The crime rate also has increased manifolds due to the issue of drug trafficking which includes increased kidnapping, burglary incidents, and murders.
The network of drug cartels and criminals is so integrated and advanced within the community that experts suspect that infiltration had been expanded to the police and government departments as well. It is directly linked with the decreased tourism and international trade in the region that gave rise to unemployment. It also provided incentives to illegal businesses in the region. Drug lords rule the streets of the region and there is no law and order (Munroe 190).
The ongoing debate of legalizing the drugs has deteriorated the situation of drug control manifolds. At the same time there is an increased demand for drugs across the globe and Caribbean, being the hub of the drugs has been responding to the demand with the help of integrated networks in the region.
The international trade of narcotics has the major center in this region. In the Caribbean region, the state of affairs has gotten so worse that criminals and the drug lords rule the region which needs to tackle down by the thoughtful and careful intervention by the entire community of the region.
Governments should take the necessary actions by cooperating with the regional countries and the international community to make the region drug free and criminals free. It has been destroying their economy and the political and social life of the region. This issue has a much deeper and dark side which has been destroying the society, therefore only international cooperation can help the national governments to tackle this issue.
In this way, this menace of the society can be eliminated because it has been impeding the collaborative and integrated growth of the region for decades.
Bagley, Bruce. “Drug trafficking and organized crime in Latin America and the Caribbean in the twenty-first century: challenges to democracy.” Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today (2015): 1-19.
Bagley, Bruce. “Globalisation and Latin American and Caribbean organized crime.” Global crime 6.1 (2004): 32-53.
Damien, Devault A., et al. “First evaluation of illicit and licit drug consumption based on wastewater analysis in Fort de France urban area (Martinique, Caribbean), a transit area for drug smuggling.” Science of the total environment 490 (2014): 970-978.
Haughton, Suzette A. “The Jamaica–Britain border and drug trafficking.” The Round Table 96.390 (2007): 279-303.
Munroe, Trevor. “Cooperation and conflict in the US-Caribbean Drug Connection.” The Political Economy of Drugs in the Caribbean. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2000. 183-200.
Sanders, Ronald. “Crime in the Caribbean: An overwhelming phenomenon.” The Round Table 92.370 (2003): 377-390.
Seelke, Clare Ribando, ed. Latin America and the Caribbean: Illicit drug trafficking and US counterdrug programs. DIANE Publishing, 2010.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Caribbean Drug Trafficking Research Paper
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.