Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Disciplinary Practice African American Research Paper
Why Does African American Mothers Use More Intense Disciplinary Practice Than African American Fathers?
- Population and Sampling
The research is about African American parents and this means that the main population targeted by the study is the African American parents in the United States. According to U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts, (2019); by the end of 2017; the country had a total of 41.4million African Americans.
With over 10million African American parents in the United States, some are single parents while others are married couples. It is evident that the United States is a vast country which makes it impossible to reach out to African American parents in different states. For this study, the research will target the one state recording the highest number of African American parents which is Texas which has a total of 3,269,253 or (32%) of the total state population.
The African Americans living in Texas are from different African countries and this means they have different backgrounds, beliefs, and attitudes towards children disciplinary and hence would help to understand the difference between a father and a mother disciplinary practice.
The simple random sampling technique will be applied where African American parents in Texas will be randomly selected to take part in the research study. According to Omair, (2014); simple random sampling technique helps in eliminating biasness in a research because all eligible participants have equal opportunities.
For one to become a participant, he/she must provide reliable evidence that he/she if an African American for instance an identification card or passport. The participant must also prove that he/she lives within the targeted region. The research will target approximately 2000 participants where a 1000 will be mothers whether single or married and the other 1000 fathers both single and married.
The selected participants will be taken through a screening process to determine whether they understand what parenting is all about focusing on the disciplinary aspect of parenting and also their details would be collected at this point. After the selection process is complete, the participants to be taken through a briefing process of what the research is all about, what is expected of them, and how the research findings would be used.
All these briefing will take place in a research identified location that would be considered as the research center all through the process.
To obtain data, interviews research assessment tool will be applied. The assessment tool will help in measuring the variables of interest in the study. This is through asking questions and rephrasing it for the purpose of determining whether the response given in the initial question corresponds with the response in the second question.
It is evident that since Texas is a vast state, some participants might be located far away. The assessment tool shall be used physically and through online means for those who cannot manage to go to the research identified center.
Interviews assessment instrument has been said to be reliable due to the fact that it is flexible and allows the researcher to phrase questions from the responses given by the participant. Moreover, in the case the response is not clear, the researcher has the option of rephrasing the question to test the credibility of the participant without ignoring the fact that it allows the researcher to get to see the participant and hence can also detect facial expressions and other body languages that helps in telling the real situation. Interview assessment is also valid because it does not in any way violate the rights of the participant.
According to Davis, et al., (2017); interviews have been used for the longest time as an effective research assessment instrument. It has helped in obtaining information from participants especially when making use of the qualitative method of research.
Researchers in the past have claimed that interviews are demanding on the basis of time and finances but they have proven to give accurate and reliable information. The interview would help in yielding the nominal type of data which is desired in this case to determine the reasons why African mothers use more intense disciplinary practice as compared to African American fathers.
In this research, the variable of interest is the disciplinary practice where the main intention is to determine how African American mothers do it and how the African American father handles disciplinary practices. The interview assessment tool is consistent with this variable in the sense that it will grant participants form both genders the chance to express themselves and gradually recording the reasons a practice that will lead to the attainment of research objectives and response of all research questions.
For the 2000 randomly selected participants, a single case study design will be applied. Every participant will be granted his/her time to be interviewed which means that by the end of the research, the study will have 2000 different responses for every question posed to the participant.
Every case would be handled independently to allow parents express themselves on how and why they apply the disciplinary actions that they do, and which disciplinary actions they believe is intense over the other.
The theory of independent mind by Gregory Mitchel supports the selected study design and would also help in testing the hypotheses. The theory claims that whenever people are together, they tend to influence and manipulate each other to the point of reducing the ability to think freely as compared to when a person is engaged alone.
During data collection, there will be both independent and dependent variables that will be tested. The independent variable will the disciplinary practices and factors leading to the manner in which disciplinary practices are carried out while as the dependent variables will be African American parents. The more reason is that the parents are compelled by an independent force for them to react the way they do.
Data collection will commence immediately after all the participants have been identified, their details collected, and all the other requirements put in place. The process is expected to take two to three months to have all the 2000 participants interviewed and data collected through digital means.
The main control that will be used is time where every participant will be granted a specific time to respond to the questions and in the case of failure, only two other options would be granted to avoid instances of delays. Controls would also be applied on data collection and storage where only authorized individuals would be involved and the participants would not be allowed to get to know each other to avoid instances of informing each other something that might hinder accurate information being shared.
All these controls would help in eliminating data biasness’s or application of unethical practices like sharing private and confidential information shared by the participants. The controls would help the research to remain in the right course on the basis of time and other resources allocated thereby making it possible for attainment of research goals and objectives. Externally, the controls would help in avoiding instances of inconveniences or betraying participants trust leading to sharing of accurate information.
The completion of data collection will introduce data analysis phase as this is the phase that the research will be able to determine the real reasons why African American mothers are known for applying intense disciplinary practices than African American fathers.
From the interview question responses, nominal data will be generated where variables will be labeled but the label does not have any quantitative value (Kim, 2015). This is to mean that the generated data would be hard to measure because the overall intention of the collected data is to respond to a question that need specific reasons that cannot be measured.
To test the validity and reliability of the collected data, the Independent T-Test will be used which is a statistical test that is used to test the difference that exists between the same variable but from different populations (Kim, 2015). It is a fact that in this case, the main focus in testing disciplinary practices and why they differ in terms of intensity between African American mothers and African American fathers.
The statistical test is easy to use and have potential of giving reliable and accurate results. The more reason is that it is a statistical test helps to tell about each group being investigated in the research and by offering specific results, it would be easy to respond to the research questions.
Secondly, the target group lives in the same US state which means that the parents are likely to face similar challenges with their children triggering the need for disciplinary action (Kim, 2015). The fact that all parents are from the same race would hence make the testing method highly effective and simple to understand the results of the test.
As initially stated, the research hypotheses will include maternal disciplinary practice is more intense than paternal disciplinary practice in an Africa American community. The null hypothesis for this research will include parental disciplinary practices is more intense than maternal disciplinary practices rationale (Ganeshpurkar et al., 2018).
The results of the analysis will be used to evaluate the hypotheses by determining whether the information shared by the participants supports the research hypotheses or the null hypotheses. If the results of the analysis would not support the hypotheses, then the claim would be found to be inapplicable but if the hypotheses claim is supported by participants would hence be backed up with reasons.
Davis, J., Roach, C., Elliott, C., Mardis, M., Justice, E. M., & Riesenberg, L. A. (2017). Feedback and assessment tools for handoffs: a systematic review. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 9(1), 18-32.
Ganeshpurkar, A., Maheshwari, R., Tekade, M., & Tekade, R. K. (2018). Concepts of hypothesis testing and types of errors. Dosage Form Design Parameters, 257-280. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-814421-3.00007-5
Kim, T. K. (2015). T test as a parametric statistic. Korean journal of anesthesiology, 68(6), 540.
Omair, A. (2014). Sample size estimation and sampling techniques for selecting a representative sample. Journal of Health specialties, 2(4), 142.
Disciplinary Practice African American Research Paper
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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