Effects of Illness on Women’s Relationships
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Effects of Illness on Women’s Relationships
In addition to affecting the lives of those who are ill, illnesses may also profoundly affect the spouses or partners who care for those who are ill. Anxiety and depression may increase as caregivers adjust to new realities and expectations. On the other hand, intimacy and closeness may increase as partners solidify their relationships in the face of illness. Though every relationship is unique, there are some trends that can be seen across relationships when, for instance, in a heterosexual relationship the man is the caregiver, and alternatively when the women is the caregiver. Lesbian relationships, too, are impacted when one partner is ill, sometimes in similar patterns to heterosexual relationships, and sometimes in different ways.
To prepare for this Discussion, consider how illness might affect a life partner relationship under these different relationship configurations.
Social role theories provide a conceptual framework based on psychological theory that addresses the sex differences and similarities in the context of social behavior with its primary principle focusing on the division of labor and defining sex-appropriate behavior (Eagly & Wood, 2016; Moen, 1998). Two theoretical views outlined in Moen (1998) identified the physical and emotional well-being of women in both the role enhancement perspective and the role strain perspective. The author described role enhancement is the perceived importance of obtaining multiple roles to increase a heightened sense of identify whereas role strain refers to the opposite. This theory places emphasis on the lack of multiple roles and describes how having too many roles may be detrimental to a women’s well-being. Although both roles seem in opposition to each other, current research supports the existence of both theories in regards to context and change (Moen, 1998).
Understanding role theory as it relates to illness in women is important to understand coping strategies associated with gender. When transitioning to the role of caregiver when a male partner is ill, there is supporting research that suggests multiple roles do not hinder the caregivers ability and further studies documented evidence of the positive impact of multiple roles (increased ability to multi-task that decreases the time spent focusing on hopelessness and helplessness emotions) (Rozario, Morrow-Howell, & Hinterlong, 2004). In general, most of the supporting research on caregiving and role theory is centered around physical illness such as cancer, HIV, or dementia related diseases (which can be viewed as a biopsychosocial illness) yet little research is dedicated to chronic behavioral health illnesses. Gender differences related to caregiving have demonstrated little sex differences despite society’s placement of specific roles upon women (Sharma, Chakrabarti, & Grover, 2016). Traditionally, the female caregiver is seen as more loving and thoughtful because that is our “primary” role in the family, whereas the male caregiver may be seen as lacking empathy, only attending to the specific physical needs of his sick partner.
Despite these stereotypical roles, about half of Americans have one or more serious health problems, whether physical or psychological, in which they depend on another person to assist them (Ward, Schiller, & Goodman, 2014). Most research in this area has been focused on heterosexual couples, however, with the legalization of homosexual marriage, research focusing on gender and caregiver roles with a sick partner will become more widely available. A recent stud conducted by Umberson, Thomeer, Reczek, and Donnelly (2016) examined social illness construction from a same-sex spouse perspective. The researchers raised many questions regarding whether gendered experiences of illness and care are expressed differently. As in previous studies, the results of the current study suggested that same-sex females engage in reciprocal emotional support whereas same-sex males engage in limited amounts of emotional support in order to uphold autonomy and self-sufficiency (Umberson, Thomeer, Kroeger, Lodge, & Xu, 2015).
Week 9 Main Discussion Post – Effects of Illness on Women’s Relationships
The way illness affects a romantic partnership can have significant effects on the relationship as a whole, and even on the outcomes of the illness. The level of empathy and support expressed by the partner when facing the loved one being ill is significant when it comes to psycho-social wee-being. It has been found through research that couples who are able to provide and receive support in a sensitive way can expect more positive outcomes. (Fekete, Stephens, Mickelson, & Druley., 2007).
Explanation of the Most Significant Way Illness May Affect a Heterosexual Relationship When the Male Partner is Ill
Partners of persons that are usually ill suffering just as much psychological distress as the afflicted individual, if not more (Carlson, Bultz, Speca, & St. Pierre., 2000). Yet there is evidence that women experience more distress than men when their partner is ill, partly because of societal conditioning that places women in caregiving roles, and also because of the deeply ingrained beliefs about men being perceived as mentally tougher than women (Gritz et al., 1990; Hagedoorn et al., 2008; Pitceathly and Maguire, 2003). There is also evidence that women who are caregivers experience higher levels of distress than men in the same position (Altschuler., 2015); they assume greater responsibility for household chores and the family, regardless of who is ill (for example, Gritz et al., 1990; Hagedoorn et al., 2008; Pitceathly and Maguire, 2003). Both partners tend to adjust better to the presence of a grave illness when the partner that is ill is male since women are readier to broaden the scope of the caregiving role they already usually assume (Altschuler., 2015).
Explanation of the Most Significant Way Illness May Affect a Heterosexual relationship When the Female Partner is Ill
When a female partner in a heterosexual relationship is gravely ill, there is a high risk for abandonment trough divorce or separation (Glantz, Chamberlain, Liu et al., 2009). The risk of this occurrence is much greater when the ill partner is female (Glantz, Chamberlain, Liu et al., 2009). Concurrently, partners that are separated or divorced are more likely to be hospitalized and less likely to participate in clinical trials than married counterparts, meaning that the quality of care is adversely related to marital status (Glantz, Chamberlain, Liu et al., 2009).
Men often find it difficult to communicate with their ill partner and how to behave around them. A lot of them do not have a support system to guide them in this situation (Glantz, Chamberlain, Liu et al., 2009). Many men also experience libido problems (Glantz, Chamberlain, Liu et al., 2009).
The Extent to Which These Effects May be the Same or Different for a Female Same-Sex relationship
Gay couples encounter particular dilemmas when one partner is ill (Rolland, J. S. (1994), like dealing with insurance-related issues and their partnership being recognized in the legal realm. At the same time, one study found that same-sex couples experience very similar constructs when it comes to facing the illness of a partner compared to heterosexual couples, but they are able to more deeply understand the nuances of the situation, therefore experiencing less illness-related psychological distress and marital disagreements (Umberson, Thomeer, Reczek, & Donnelly,. 2016), possibly due to a more fluid gender-role experience.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.