Genetic Factors behind Eating Disorders
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Genetic Factors behind Eating Disorders
The topic that I am researching are the inevitable causes of “Slender Trap”. Slender Trap (Anorexia Nervosa) is an eating disorder that claims the lives of many young people, mostly young women. When the body lacks food for an extended period, starvation begins. In the “Slender Trap,” Trina Piscatelli argues that anorexia nervosa is an illness caused by negative social conditions for young women. However, this argument is not valid because there are several other inevitable causes of the disorder. Some of the causes are economic poverty, genetic condition, and social acceptance. The existence of social-economic and genetic influences of Anorexia Nervosa, render Piscatelli’s argument invalid.
McGuire. (2017, October 9). Genetic Factors behind Eating Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/blog/genetic-factors-eating-disorders
It is often argued that Anorexia is common among people who aim to lose weight. As a result, they can eat less food, engage in extreme exercise, take appetite suppressants, or engage in any behavior that will help them lose weight. According to Carmosino (2017), at least one percent of all American women starve and exercise themselves to death annually. The argument by Carmosino (2017) is that Anorexia has become an epidemic following the behavior of people who have a deep sense of ineffectiveness and inadequacy. Although young women’s negative social conditions are risk factors for Anorexia, there are several other risk factors.
Olsen, H. B. (2017, February 16). Yes, Poor People Have Eating Disorders, Too. Retrieved November 13, 2019, from https://everydayfeminism.com/2017/02/poor-people-eating-disorders/
Genetic factors have a significant contribution to the onset of Anorexia. According to McGuire (2017), there are certain chemicals in the brain that control digestion, appetite, and hunger. These chemicals are often unbalanced among people living with eating disorders. There are some genes that contribute to eating disorders and are associated with some personality traits. These genes can be easily passed from one generation to the other. As noted by McGuire (2017), the personal traits associated with these genes are hypersensitivity, emotional instability, perfectionistic tendencies, obsessive thinking, and others. In spite of these traits, some genes lead to an increase in the possibility of people to suffer from eating disorders. According to Bidwell (2013), as cited by McGuire (2017), when people have mutations in HDAC4 and ESRRA genes, their chance of suffering from eating disorders is 855 or 905, respectively. When these genes undergo mutations, they lead to a decrease in appetite. According to research, the disorder can also be acquired when genetic factors combine with environmental factors (McGuire (2017). In this regard, although genetic factors are not the major causes of eating disorders, they have a significant contribution.
Piscatelli, T. (2019). “Slender Trap”. The Reader: Essay Essential with Readings Seventh Edition, edited by Rhonda Dynes, Sarah Norton, and Brian Green, pp.129-130.
Poverty is also one of the factors associated with Anorexia Nervosa. According to Olsen (2017), there is a perception that eating disorders are only associated with rich families. She happens to belong from a family where this perspective was strong, yet she developed the disorder even if her family was not much wealthy. Poverty causes the disorder in that poor people tend to skip meals either to save money or because they cannot afford it. Besides, Olsen (2017) revealed that the disorder that is mostly said to affect women also affects men. Interestingly, Olsen (2017) reported that eating disorders are either caused or worsened by factors such as sexual violence, rape culture, trauma resulting from racism, lack of access to medical care, and income inequality. However, what makes the matter to be of significance is that poverty forces people to save money, save calories, and skip meals, which ends up to Anorexia. The other revelation from the findings of this study is that eating disorders can also lead to weight gain and weight loss, as many people believe. In summary, although Olsen was a poor person, she was living with an eating disorder. She confirmed that eating disorders are associated with shame, stress, guilt, and other side effects. However, she invalidated Trina Piscatelli’s argument by revealing that poverty also leads to Anorexia, with herself being a victim and a proof of evidence.
In conclusion, the argument by Trina Piscatelli is invalid. Besides negative social conditions for young women, there are several other risk factors to Anorexia. Genetic factors have a significant contribution to the onset of Anorexia. Poverty is also associated with Anorexia, with poor people starving themselves due to financial problems. Social conditions also contribute to the disease as society considers slender women to be the most attractive. It is from this perspective that I do not agree with Piscatelli’s argument.
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