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Income Level Poverty and Racial Ethnicity Discussion
200 words and citations. needed!
In my opinion, the three reasons for these inequalities/disparities:
Income level/Poverty; It is evident based on an individual income can affect what health care is available to him/her. An individual’s income can influence his/her health and longevity. One thing that can be done that will help in solving this problem is initiate policies that will supplement income and better health care systems that is affordable to all.
Racial/ethnicity; In many countries around the world racial inequalities have impacted societies in many ways. One of which is the level of health care individuals or a community receives. One of the ways I believe a country’s public health system can battle this disparity is through education.
Poor health care systems; In my understanding of poor health care systems, it is not how much money a country pours into its health care systems when it comes to the building the best hospitals, having the best doctors and medical technology. It is all about the health care delivery system. Do people have easy access to medical facilities, can the reach the nearby hospital in time before its too late? Access to affordable medical care in a timely manner regardless of race, socioeconomic background is the definition of great care.
China revamped its health care system by providing universal health care coverage to all its citizens. In the 1960s, one of the systems that was implemented was the introduction of “Barefoot Doctors”. These were individuals who received short intensive medical training. According to the article by China Power, these doctors traveled throughout rural China and provided virtually free basic medical services to much of the country’s population. Care provided by the barefoot doctors contributed to a significant rise in life expectancy and a drop in the infant mortality rate. But this system shortly lived due to financial constraints.
In 2006, the President of China began a reform ensuring everyone enjoy basic health care services. There are three public health insurance options available to Chinese citizens. Two of the plans; the Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance and the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance, cover urban dwellers. A third scheme, the New Cooperative Medical Service, applies to rural residents.
One of the core values of Christianity is love. Sharing God’s love means taking care of the poor, the less fortunate, and the orphans. In Matthew 25:40 states; The King will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.
NCBI. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK425844/
World Health Organization. 2017. 10 facts on health inequities and their causes. https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/health_inequities/en/
China Power. Is China’s Health Care Meeting the Needs of its People? https://chinapower.csis.org/china-health-care-quality/
DB Forum 2
In the social determinants of health inequalities article, Marmot shed light on the harsh realities of health disparities, or as he refers to it as health inequalities. Within the article, he attributes the following 3 reasons as why inequalities/disparities occur:
Various factors are contributing to childhood poverty in America, of which include but not limited to income poverty, severe material hardship, lack of education, and family illness.
China vs. Russia
As discussed in the article, China, as well as Kerala (a state of India) have a healthy population despite their low incomes. Both, have prioritized social determinants of the population by relieving poverty and distributing income fairly to all. Russia, like China and Kerala have a low income as a nation; instead of prioritizing the health of the population, their social inequities continue to grow.1
The bible not only preaches on the love for your neighbor, but sheds light on helping those who are in need. Luke 6:29 says, “If someone wants your cloak, give it to him, and while you’re at it, hand over your tunic as well. Give him your coat and your clothes.” Meaning, if the church is in a position to help those who are in need, they should help with all they have. While the church has internal administrative needs and have the obligation to help those in need, they need not worry as the bible states in Philippians 4:19, “And my God will supply every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus.”
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Income Level Poverty and Racial Ethnicity Discussion
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