Justice For Juveniles Essay Case Assignment
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Justice For Juveniles Essay Case Assignment
Professor: Georgene Bess Montgomery
English 215 – Research and Writing
May 4, 2014
The United States is believed to be incarcerating her youths more than any other nation in the world. According to the nation’s criminal justice department, over 2.2 million youths are annually arrested in the United States. This rate is relatively high considering that the nation is not the most populous nation in the whole world. Besides this, the United States is not ranked as the most insecure nation in the whole world. The nation also invests heavily in her security apparatus something that leads to many observers wondering why the rate of juvenile incarceration is very high in this nation. Many people are not able to see this problem despite its adverse effects on the juvenile convicts and the society in general. For example, 40 percent of juveniles brought to detention centers are usually tried in adult facilities. This accounts for over 125, 000 juveniles who are handled in similar manner as adult suspects. It is very difficult for such juveniles to change once they are released from custody as the officers usually handle them badly something that leads to many of them developing resentment to government. It is therefore high time all stakeholders involved in the criminal justice system came up with ways of dealing with juvenile offenders (Pollock, 2012). The stakeholders need to be open minded while handling the situation since the nation is losing a lot of future productive citizens to prisons.
Previously, juvenile offenders were mainly charged with committing petty crimes such as stealing hose hold items. That is no longer the case with the modern day juvenile suspects. It is common to get minors being charged with adult crimes such as robbery with violence or drug trafficking. The nation’s criminal justice system has shown high levels of incompetence while handling such serious crimes. They mainly exhibit this incompetent by trying suspect minors in adult facilities something that ends up having negative psychological effects on the juvenile suspects. They feel that the society is against them as they are viewed in similar terms with the hardcore criminals. What the criminal justice fails to understand is that it is usually the first time most of the minors are involved in such crimes. To solve this problem, officers need to carry thorough investigation on the juvenile suspect’s criminal life before deciding where to conduct his or her case. Through the investigations, the officers will be in a position to know the suspect’s history and the reasons behind his or her involvement in crime (Thonden, 1997). This knowledge will also assist the officers in knowing ways of assisting the suspect rather than just charging him or her and putting him or her in custody.
The other problem that many people in the American society are asking is why there is an increase in the number of juvenile incarcerations. Some observers are blaming the current education system and curriculum for the increase in the number of juveniles in custody. According to these observers, the current education system does not deal with the current issues affecting the society. For example, they argue that the education system is only teaching American kids on how to become good employees. This notion ends up giving students a notion that they are learning in order to get employed whereas there are no jobs at all. Many youths are usually discouraged by the high rate of unemployment thus getting the idea of using alternative means to earn income. The youths are afraid to suffer like their friends or family members after completing their studies and not finding jobs. A study conducted revealed that many youths prefer meeting their deaths in crime while looking for wealth to suffering in poverty while waiting to get jobs after their graduations (Pollock, 2012). Based on these facts, scholars are calling on the criminal justice system to handle juvenile suspects and convicts well. The system should come up with a way of encouraging the suspects and therefore changing their views on education. However, the education department also needs to carry out major reforms in the education sector. Reforms will ensure that students learn things that are relevant to their lives and therefore knowing how to look for income in appropriate and legal way rather than through crime.
The other problem experienced in the handling of juveniles is racial discrimination. Research conducted by several scholars clearly reveals that black juveniles are likely to be taken to adult courts than white juveniles even if they have committed similar crimes. Many officers believe that black juveniles are more dangerous to the society than the white juvenile suspects therefore their cases being handled in similar manner like the adult cases. The belief of these officers is based on unfound facts something that ends up discriminating black juveniles. Further studies reveal that Hispanic American juveniles also have a high probability of ending up in adult courts compared to white juveniles. This shows that white juveniles charged in adult courts account for only 10 percent of the juveniles convicted in adult courts. If the officers desist from using race as a basis of taking juveniles to adult courts it is probable that the juvenile suspects will get justice. Officers need to be trained on how to handle suspects equally. The society also needs to be skepticism on the ways used by the criminal justice system to incarcerate juvenile suspects. This will lead to the system becoming competent in their duties and therefore handling the juveniles in accordance with the law (Joseph, 1995).
Over 47 States in the United States have come with policies that have made it very easy for a juvenile to be tried as an adult. Many observers believe that these policies violate the basic human rights of minors as they are exposed to adult judicial processes at a tender age. According to research, the decision to try minors in adult prisons was made by prosecutors and legislators more than by the judges. This is despite the fact that it is the duty of judges to make such discrete decisions. The decision to try juvenile suspect in similar manner with adult suspects has led to many people doubting the credibility of the juvenile systems. The decision to handle juveniles as adults has mainly been promoted by public opinions which term some juveniles as “Super-predator” implying that they are very dangerous to the society. The society needs to change its attitude towards juveniles. It needs to develop a positive attitude towards minor convicts and develop trust in juvenile systems. For example, the modern-day American society views juvenile suspects in similar manner with hardcore criminals. This affects the reformation of the juveniles once taken to correction institutions as they believe that they will not be accepted back in the society once released from custody. The government needs to come up with initiatives that will educate the society that juveniles are not criminals and just need care and understanding for them to change their ways. Many observers argue that the hatred that the society expresses to juvenile suspects in most cases worsen their situation. This is because the hatred usually demoralize them something that gives them low self-esteem. They in turn end up associating with criminal gangs as they feel valued here. However, with society’s love and care, juveniles will feel part of the society and therefore changing their ways and ending up responsible members of the society.
The rise in the number of juvenile incarcerations is mainly blamed on how the society is handling the issue. According to research, the society has totally failed to advise the youth and in many cases, they are left on their own to make important decisions affecting their lives. Scholars believe that the society needs to join hands with the criminal justice in rectifying the behaviors of the youths. For example, youth crimes should be tackled using the leverage power of communities and families. Family and community members should join hands in assisting troubled youths rather than just handing them over to the law enforcement officers who sometimes also do not know what to do with them. Besides the use of community power, states also need to relook into their policies of locking up juveniles whenever they commit any wrong. They need to come up with cost-effective alternatives that are proven to handle youth crimes. This will enable the society to see the returns of their investments in future (Thonden, 1995).
Joseph, J. (1995). Black youths, delinquency, and juvenile justice. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger.
Pollock, J. M. (2012). Ethical dilemmas and decisions in criminal justice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Thonden, Y. (1997). Juvenile injustice: Police abuse and detention of street children in Kenya: Human Rights Watch Children’s Rights Project. New York [u.a.: Human Rights Watch.
Justice For Juveniles Essay Case Assignment
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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