Malware-Trojan Horse Virus Case Study
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Malware-Trojan Horse Virus Case Study
Running head: MALWARE 1
Malware-Trojan horse virus
Malware can be defined as any file or program that is introduced to a computer with the intention of harming the user. The harm to the user can be through interfering with his use of the compute, unauthorized access to his data, locking the user out of his computer and also spying on the user’s activity. There are several types of malware and they include ransom ware, Trojan horses, computer viruses, worms and spyware (White, Fisch & Pooch, 2017). For this particular assignment, I will focus on Trojan horse virus. The name Trojan horse comes from the famous Greek story, where Greek soldiers were able to take down the city of Troy after they sneaked into the city inside a wooden horse that was guised as a gift to the people of Troy. Just like the story the Trojan horse virus disguises itself as a legitimate program however the program provides unauthorized access into the system most of the time to hackers.
Most of the time, Trojan horses gain access to a secured system through social engineering. Most of the time, Trojan horse viruses are introduced into a system by duping a user into executing an attachment on an email guised to be unsuspicious. They can also be introduced via social media where users are tricked into clicking on fake advertisements or advertisements that offer fake rewards. Once the links or attachments are clicked on, a Trojan horse virus is introduced. Trojan horse viruses can allow an attacker to have access to a user’s personal information and other forms of data. Trojan horse viruses can affect other devices on the network through infection caused by the introduction of the first Trojan horse; most ransom ware is introduced through Trojan horse viruses (Wang, Lorch & Parno, 2016). In addition, through the use of Trojan horse viruses, attackers can modify data, copy data, block data, delete data and generally disrupt or distort the performance and operations of targeted computers or devices in a network.
Steps of mitigating a Trojan horse virus attack
The first step in mitigating a Trojan horse virus attack is the installation of effective anti-malware software or what is commonly referred to as an anti-virus. The anti-malware will detect as well as prevent any Trojan horse virus attack on a computer or a network. The second step in mitigating Trojan horse virus attacks is the installation of the latest available patches of the operating system in use. The third step is proper scanning of all external devices that are introduced to a computer or a network (Rader & Rahman, 2015). The fourth step is through the cautioning on the execution of any program that is not from a trusted source. The fifth step is the cautioning on the opening of email attachments from unknown senders especially attachments that have the extensions .vbs and .exe. The final step or caution is to be alert on social media adverts especially those that offer rewards through clicking on links.
Rader, M., & Rahman, S. (2015). Exploring historical and emerging phishing techniques and mitigating the associated security risks. arXiv preprint arXiv:1512.00082.
Wang, J. H., Lorch, J. R., & Parno, B. J. (2016). U.S. Patent No. 9,230,100. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
White, G. B., Fisch, E. A., & Pooch, U. W. (2017). Computer system and network security. CRC press.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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