Managerial And Behavioral Essay Paper
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Managerial And Behavioral Essay Paper
Case Study: Your Star Salesperson Lied. Should He Get a Second Chance?
, Thursday night KANA’S HOME, THURSDAY NIGHT Kana Kapoor rarely checked Facebook. As CEO of one of the largest pharmaceutical-marketing firms in Western India, he didn’t have time for social media. But right now, he needed to log on.
He searched for the doctor’s name—Parasaran Srinivasan—and recognized the first picture that popped up. Just as he’d thought, they’d gone to university together in Mumbai.
Looking at his old classmate’s page, he groaned. The pictures of Parasaran at a recent World Cup party confirmed that one of Novacib Labs’ top salespeople had falsified his sales report. Now he had to decide what to do about it.
NOVACIB HQ, THAT MORNING Surprising News
Everyone at Novacib knew Kana hated getting emails with that little red exclamation mark. So when he saw both the red mark and the word “URGENT” in his in-box, his stomach dropped. The email was from Armina Pillai, Novacib’s regional sales manager in the Mumbai office. She’d kept her message short:
“Need your advice on a potential ethical breach.”
Kana canceled his next meeting and called her mobile.
“Tell me what’s going on,” he said when she picked up.
“I’m afraid we have an issue with one of our sales reports,” Armina said carefully.
“What kind of issue?”
“It seems that Dave may have intentionally falsified some information about his customer calls.”
“Dave?” Kana made no attempt to hide his surprise. Dave Madhav was one of Novacib’s best salespeople. He routinely exceeded his targets by 10% to 20% and had earned the company’s top commission prize three times in the past five years. And he was a generous colleague. He often took new salespeople under his wing, sharing sales tactics and handing off easy customers.
There was no doubt that the company’s targets were ambitious. Sales reps were required to meet with a minimum of 10 physicians and four retail pharmacies a day, allocating that time according to the potential of the target: 50% to platinum-class customers, 30% to gold, and 20% to silver. The regional sales managers worked closely with the reps to coach and support them—
but Dave rarely needed Armina’s help. In fact, he often served as a mentor to his more junior colleagues.
“Could there be some mistake?” Kana asked.
“It’s possible. But I know how seriously you take ethical issues. I wanted to bring this to your attention right away.”
Five years earlier, when Kana had taken the helm at Novacib Labs, its founder and outgoing CEO had given him a mandate: grow the company by 40% and ensure that it remains the market leader. New competitors were popping up every day, vying to capitalize on the explosive growth in the Indian pharma industry.
Kana knew that to accomplish his goals, he needed to be laser- focused on strategy. And by all accounts, he’d been successful. During his tenure, the company’s portfolio had grown from 22 brands to 46, and from 10 sales territories to most of Western India.
That success, he believed, rested on Novacib’s new positioning—to customers and employees— as “the ethical pharmaceutical-marketing company.” Amid growing concerns that similar firms were bribing customers or overstating products’ benefits, this stance distinguished Novacib. Kana and his leadership team had even changed the firm’s tagline from “Health for everyone” to “Health with integrity.”
Behaving ethically became part of Novacib’s story, and all employees were encouraged to share it, especially during sales calls. And the tagline was more than a marketing slogan to Kana. He’d always prided himself on leading a principled life.
Armina was absolutely right that he would be concerned about false reports. To protect its reputation, Novacib had a zero-tolerance policy for ethics violations. But would sacking Dave really be in the best interest of the firm, Kana couldn’t help but wonder? He had always made or exceeded his numbers—and boosted the performance of his colleagues as well.
“Kana?” Armina asked.
“I’m still here,” he said. “Tell me exactly what happened.”
“Something Doesn’t Feel Right” Armina recounted what she’d discovered the evening before.
“I was leaving the office last night,” she began, “when I got a text from Dave that said, Baby still sick. Need to give wife a reprieve. I’ll make up the visits next week. Of course, I felt for him. I’d been in his shoes. The baby is just a few weeks old, and neither he nor his wife have slept much. He’s still been hitting his quotas, but he looks exhausted.
“I decided to stay at the office to finish up my reports in case I had to cover his sales calls. And as I was looking over his activity, one date stood out: June 21. That was the day Argentina lost to Croatia in the World Cup.
3“I remember it well, because I had followed the match online. Dates don’t typically stick in my mind, but that day was depressingly memorable, not just because my team lost but also because I watched the game by myself. My family—like most of Mumbai—had skipped work to watch together. I hadn’t wanted to get behind, so I spent the day alone in the office.
“I had spoken with Dave the morning of the game, and he mentioned that he was going to watch it. And yet his daily report listed the names of three doctors that he supposedly saw that afternoon. I texted him about the discrepancy—something like Sorry to bother you with baby sick.
Can you resend your activity report for the week of June 18? Ten minutes later he emailed me the same information, so I texted again: Are you sure that’s accurate? He sent back a thumbs-up emoji.”
She paused. “Go on,” Kana said grimly.
“I’m not in the habit of tracking our salespeople’s whereabouts, especially in the case of Dave, who has always been a star performer. Normally, I’d give him the benefit of the doubt, but something didn’t feel right. I looked him up on Twitter and scrolled back to his tweets from June 21. He’d clearly been watching the game—at home.
Then I tried one of the doctors on Dave’s report. Same thing: He’d been watching the game, too, not meeting with Dave. That’s when I started to panic.”
Kana was starting to panic as well. Trust was essential to the company’s mission, and Dave’s actions were exactly the kind of thing that could undercut Novacib’s culture and reputation and breed resentment among employees. Kana recognized that Novacib was bound to encounter less-than-honest salespeople, but he was still having trouble believing that Dave would be the one to get into trouble first.
At the same time, there was no denying his outsize contribution to the success of the firm—and how hard it would be to replace him.
Shocked and angry, Kana wondered to himself, How could Dave have done this?
NOVACIB HQ, FRIDAY MORNING Now What? The next day, Kana met with Bob Batra, Novacib’s HR director, in his office. They dialed in Armina on speakerphone.
“This is bad,” Kana began. “Last night, I confirmed another doctor listed on the report whom Dave couldn’t have met with that afternoon.”
“Armina and I had a conference call with him after she spoke with you,” Bob said. “We asked him about the report, and he said he had met with the doctors he listed—but not on June 21. He all but admitted that he lied. I’m not seeing any option other than letting him go.”
“I don’t understand why he didn’t tell anyone he was struggling,” said Kana. “He’s the first one to help his colleagues out; people would have jumped at the chance to return the favor.”
4“It’s definitely out of character for him,” Armina. “That’s why I feel strongly that we should issue a warning—especially with his being a new father. After all, he did meet with everyone he said he had. He wasn’t fabricating that.”
“But he was altering the dates to meet his daily targets,” Bob countered, leaning toward the speakerphone. “That’s a serious breach, and we have to consider the broader impact of merely giving him a slap on the wrist.”
She looked up at Kana. “When you brought me in after the rebranding, you asked me to help you build a culture of ethics and honesty. I’d be failing at my job if I advised you to let a transgression like this go. I recognize the value of Dave to our team, but our motto isn’t ‘Health with occasional integrity.’ We have to always do the right thing.”7
“I agree,” Kana said. “Integrity is our promise to every employee and every customer we interact with. If our people knew we tolerated this behavior after all the ethics training we’ve put them through, we’d look like hypocrites. We’d be hypocrites. And if this ever got out to our customers or the press, it could destroy our reputation.”
“But how are we going to look to the rest of the team when we sack their beloved colleague with a newborn at home?” Armina asked. “And he’s such a strong performer! Think of the revenue hit we’d take. Are people actually going to care about three names listed for the wrong day on one weekly report?8 It’s not as if those call targets are tied to his compensation.”
Small offenses may seem harmless, but research shows that they can breed problems by desensitizing our brains to the negative emotions related to unethical behavior.
“It’s the principle of the thing,” Bob retorted. “And how do we know if this is the first time he’s fudged his reports? How can we trust him going forward? Are you going to check with his customers every week to confirm his reports?”
Armina was silent on the line. Kana closed his eyes briefly. He knew she was right that the company would suffer if they fired Dave. He brought in over $250,000 a year, and he had built strong customer relationships that Novacib stood to lose if they sacked him. But Kana couldn’t shake his disappointment in Dave. Bob broke the silence.
“You’ve addressed this issue repeatedly in our sales offsites,” she said. “You’ve stated in no uncertain terms that you’d rather salespeople not meet their targets than fake their numbers. If you don’t take action, you’ll damage your credibility. I know it’s painful, but I think it’s time to put your money where your mouth is.”
NOVACIB HQ, FRIDAY AFTERNOON A Second Chance? “Thank you so much for the baby gift. Did you get the thank-you note my wife sent?” Dave’s voice sounded tentative on the phone, the small talk forced.
Kana had dreaded making the call, but before he reached a decision, he wanted to talk with Dave himself.
“I did. Listen, Dave, I don’t want to make this anymore awkward than it needs to be. I just want to hear your side of the story.”
Dave repeated what he’d told Armina: that he had met with those doctors, just on different dates. That he shouldn’t have submitted the false report. “I made a big mistake, and I’m sorry. I was feeling the pressure with the new baby. I knew I wasn’t going to hit my targets, and I didn’t want to disappoint anyone.”
Kana hated to hear Dave sound so dejected. But part of him still felt betrayed. He reminded himself that Dave could easily find another job, especially since Novacib had no intention of going public with the circumstances if they let him go. But Dave would be devastated nonetheless. “We need accurate data to grow this business, and we’ve been very clear about our ethics policy,” Kana said. “I wish you’d talked to Armina about the pressure.”
“I know, and I’d understand if you have to make an example of me. But please believe me that it has never happened before and won’t happen again. Don’t people deserve a second chance?”
- Should Kana fire Dave? Why? Why not? Explain in detail. 2. What options should Kana consider before firing Dave or overlooking the infraction? 3. Should Armina have kept a closer eye on her top performer? 4. What are the ethical implications of checking up on employees by tracking their activity
on social media? 5. Do you think zero-tolerance policies result in bad outcomes? Do they force leaders to
take action when a better solution could be found? Explain.
Managerial And Behavioral Essay Paper
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. 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The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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