Peer-Reviewed Nursing Journal
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Peer-Reviewed Nursing Journal
Please, post a response to the following discussion in APA format without cover page, one paragraph, using one reference from peer-reviewed Nursing Journal not older than 5 years.
Performing a thorough assessment is an essential skill. The treatment for any client is based on the diagnosis, and that diagnosis relies entirely on the assessment. To assess a 78-year-old male with a chief complaint of abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, fever, and weight loss; there are many important factors to take into consideration. First, it is crucial to assess more in-depth the chief complaint, known as a history of current illness. These will include an assessment of the abdominal pain following the pqrst. Also, an assessment of his bowel movement (diarrhea), when did it started, what causes it, what makes it subsides; did he took anything to stop it, did he had any changes in his eating habits, ask him to describe his bowel movements, and did any nausea or vomiting accompany it. Next, an assessment of the fever to find out when did start it, what was his highest temperature reading, what causes the fever to subside, was he exposed to any diseases like Clostridium difficile or food poisoning and is it accompanied by chills. Additionally, an assessment of his weight loss to see how much weight did he lost and in how long, was the weight loss intentionally, what type of diet does he follows, is there any cultural or belief factors that affect his diet.
After the history of the current illness is obtained, the assessment continues into the risk factors. These will include a list of medications, and if the client is taking any NSAIDs or blood thinners; food, drugs, and environmental allergies; use of tobacco, alcohol and recreational drugs; history of vaccinations and traveling out of the country; past medical history (PMH), past surgical history (PSH), family history, previous hospitalizations, history of previous gastrointestinal (GI) problems like GERD, peptic ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), anemia, and celiac disease, history of previous diagnostics GI tests and results like endoscopies and lab work. Also, assessment of living conditions, whom does he lives with, who prepares his meals, does he has access to drinking water and electricity. Even though certain diseases are not common in the US, the healthcare provider should never exclude them from the assessment. Assessing for parasitic diseases is a critical component for patients with GI symptoms and fever. Even though is more common in developing countries, it should not be ignored in the US. Commonly caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water, parasitic diseases are often misdiagnosed for tumors. The common symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, fever, and weight loss (Çiftci, Bulut, Özdaş & Yıldırım. 2018). Amebomas are variable in sizes and on assessment are found as a palpable mass that causes obstructive symptoms and mimics many other diseases.
The next step is the physical examination. These start with the inspection, looking for the color, contour, size, shape, pulsations, and lessions (Jensen, 2015). Then, the assessment continues with the auscultation of the bowel sounds over the four quadrants and the vascular sounds. The next step is percussion of the four abdominal quadrants assessing for the size of the organs and looking for tympanic sounds over the hollow areas and dullness over the organs, masses, fluids or obstructions (Jensen, 2015). The palpation is performed at the end, beginning with light palpation and assessing for pain, then follow by deep palpation to check for organs, masses, or tenderness (Jensen, 2015).
The documentation of the assessment findings is done using the SOAP format. All subjective data is documented under S, and all objective data is documented under O. The assessment or diagnosis is written under A., And the plan of treatment is documented under P.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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