Psychological Abuse of Women: Six Distinct Clusters
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Psychological Abuse of Women: Six Distinct Clusters
Please review the case below of one (1) other student (their partner or partners) and provide a research plan that includes the following:
- the research question(s),
- a null and alternative hypothesis,
- indication of whether the test will be one or two-tailed,
- the dependent and independent variables (and the levels of measurement for each variable).
- Methods for data collection
- Possible risks, barriers,
Hypothesis Test Tag Team- Case Study
There are many types of intimate partner abuse that occur on a daily basis around the world. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, psychological abuse involves many behaviors including humiliating the victim, controlling what they can do, withholding information from them, purposely making them feel diminished or embarrassed, isolating them, denying them financial access, stalking them, demeaning them, undermining their sense of self-worth, and convincing them they are crazy (n.d.). Women between the ages of 18-24 are most commonly abused by an intimate partner.
In terms of its long-lasting effects, there is a correlation between domestic abuse and having a higher rate of depression and suicidal behavior. “Physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health effects have been linked with intimate partner violence including adolescent pregnancy, unintended pregnancy in general, miscarriage, stillbirth, intrauterine hemorrhage, nutritional deficiency, abdominal pain and other gastrointestinal problems, neurological disorders, chronic pain, disability, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as noncommunicable diseases such as hypertension, cancer and cardiovascular diseases” (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, n.d.). Additionally, victims of domestic violence are at an increased risk for having problems with addictive behaviors such as with alcohol, tobacco and drugs. Lastly, 1 in 15 children are exposed to intimate partner violence each year, and 90% of these children are eyewitnesses to this violence. These numbers are astonishing and witnessing such violence can have detrimental effects of the children.
A case study done by Marshall, was designed to identify patterns of psychological abuse and determine whether different patterns mediate the effects of violence and sexual aggression. Interviews were completed with 578 (80.3%) of 720 women who volunteered for a study of “bad” or “stressful” heterosexual relationships. Cluster analysis with 51 items assessing many types of subtle and overt psychological abuse identified six groups. Total psychological abuse, threats of violence, acts of violence, and sexual aggression scores made different contributions to women’s health, help seeking, and relationship perceptions depending on the pattern of abuse they sustained (Marshall, 1996).
Psychological abuse can cause long-term effects to a victim’s mental health even without the presence of secondary domestic violence (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, n.d.). Based on the above facts, it would be imperative to further investigate the subject of psychological abuse, risk factors for it, the long-lasting symptoms it causes and ways to prevent/treat it effectively. Since these questions may require several research studies, I would focus on the long-lasting effects of psychological abuse of women’s future intimate relationships.
Marshall, L. L. (1996). Psychological Abuse of Women: Six Distinct Clusters. Journal of
Family Violence, 11(4), 379–409. https://doiorg.nl.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/ BF02333424.
National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (n.d.). https://www.ncadv.org/statistics.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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